Do you need financial assistance? Imagine yourself living in ancient Philippines. No Christianity, Islam, or any of the modern-day religions. Everything you need to survive is literally in front of you—food, clothes, a roof over your head, you name it. But while things around you seem to be in perfect order, a tidal wave of confusion starts forming in your mind. Questions you never knew you needed to answer are flooding your brain: Why is the sky blue?
Where did we come from? Who controls everything? But with no religion to rely on, how can you possibly make sense of everything?
While almost everybody is familiar with Zeus, Athena, Aphrodite, Eros and other legendary gods of Greek mythology, it seems that we are all clueless about their Filipino counterparts.
Philippine mythology is much more important than you think. It gave our ancestors a sense of direction and helped them explain everything—from the origin of mankind to the existence of diseases. For them, it was not just a belief in invisible higher beings. Very few of these myths are written; the great majority of them are preserved by oral tradition only.
Philippine mythology is a collection of stories and superstitions about magical beings a. Folk narratives are all about stories. They may be told in prose, verse, or both. The folktales are pure fiction, something that you use to entertain bored kids. The legends and myths, meanwhile, are assumed to be true by the storyteller. Falling under this sub-category are the stories or adventures of deities, defined as supernatural beings with human characteristics. These deities are either good or bad, and each of them has a specific function.
Renowned anthropologist F. Special thanks to the talented Pinoy graphic artists whose amazing works have helped bring these ancient deities back to life.
Note: All images presented in these articles are a modern depiction of our ancient deities.I am also presenting this article as a starting point for discussion. Not in a historical context, but as I said earlier, Philippine societies regarded their myths as containing psychological and archetypal truths. We thank your website because we got the initial information from one of your posts back in When artists began creating work presenting the love affair between Bulan and the deity of the underworld, Sidapa,it often depicted a young effeminate man representing Bulan, and a strong muscular and handsome deity representing Sidapa.
I am overjoyed that artists are choosing to explore local mythology in their work. Bulan and Sidapa by porkironandwine via Twitter. I would love to hear what your thoughts on this are as I am always learning, and always open to differing opinions.
I fully support the evolution of deities into the modern realm, but I will delicately suggest that this one may be re-writing Tagalog Mythology in a way that might not represent the original belief structure.
Philippines Prehistoric Religion
Photographer Niccolo Cosme niccolocosme assisted by izzy. IDOLO Lacapati pp era el abogado de las sementeras, figura de hombre y muger todo junto,… Lacapati was the advocate of sowed fields, figure of man and woman all together,…. Ikapatigoddess of cultivated land, was the most understanding and kind among the deities of Bathala.
Her gift to man was agriculture. As the benevolent giver of food and prosperity, she was respected and loved by the people. From her came fertility of fields and health of flocks and herds. Ikapati was said to have married Mapulon, god of seasons.
They had a daughter named Anagolay, who became the goddess of lost things. When Anagolay attained maidenhood, she married Dumakulem, son of Idianale and Dumangan, by whom she had two children, Apolake, who became god of the sun and patron of warriors, and Dian Masalanta, who became goddess of lovers.
Prominent among deities who received full-blown sacrifices were fertility gods. Lakapati — The goddess of fertility and the most understanding and kind of all the deities. She was a hermaphrodite, having both male and female genitalia, symbolizing the balance of everything. Her bodily expression is notably feminine. Also known as Ikapati, She was the giver of food and prosperity. Her best gift to mankind was agriculture cultivated fieldsa reason why she is praised along with Dimangan, god of good harvest.
Through her teachings, she was respected and loved by the people. She was known to be the kindest deity to the Tagalogs. Later, she married Mapulon, who courted her tirelessly. Her marriage with Mapulon was symbolic for the ancient Tagalogs as it referred to marriage as a mutual bond between two parties regardless of gender, which was common and an acceptable practice at the time.
She had a daughter, named Anagolay who aided mankind when they have lost something or someone. During early Spanish rule, Lakapati was depicted as the Holy Spirit, as the people continued to revere her despite Spanish threats.
Are Ikapati and Lakapati different and coming from variant Tagalog belief structures? Were these two variants combined into one? Unfortunately, William Henry Scott passed away in and we lost F.May mga kasama siyang ibang diyos, sina: Maria MakilingMinukawaKabunian at iba pang mga anito. Sa lahat ng ito, si Bathala ang punong diyos o pinaka-ama ng lahat ng mga diyos.
Kilala rin siya bilang Bathalang Maykapal. Siya ang makapangyarihang diyos, pinaniniwalaan ng mga sinaunang Tagalog at hari ng mga Diwata. Lahat ng mga paniniwalang ito ay naipluensya ng mga Kastila. Pinalitan nila ang lumang pananampalataya ng mga lumang Tagalog sa Kristiyanismo.
Si Bathala ay inuugnay sa Diyos ng rehiliyong Kristiyanismo, at ang ibang diyos-diyosan ay pinalitan ng mga santo. Kaya, sa panahong ngayon, ang salitang "Bathala" ay tinatawag sa Diyos ng Rehiliyong Kristiyanismo ng mga Pilipino nagyon.
Ang lathalaing ito na tungkol sa Pilipinas ay isang usbong. Makatutulong ka sa Wikipedia sa pagpapalawig nito. Mula sa Wikipediang Tagalog, ang malayang ensiklopedya. English, Leo James.
Tingnan ang katumbas na artikulo sa English Wikipedia para sa mas malawak na pagtalakay ng paksang ito. Kategorya : Mitolohiyang Pilipino Sinaunang Pilipinas. Nakatagong kategorya: Stub Pilipinas Mga lathalaing dapat palawigin. Mga ngalan-espasyo Artikulo Usapan.
Naiiba pa. Mga tingin Basahin Baguhin Baguhin ang batayan Kasaysayan. Higit pa. Mga kagamitan Mga nakaturo rito Kaugnay na mga pagbabago Mag-upload ng file Mga natatanging pahina Permanenteng kawing Impormasyon ng pahina Item na Wikidata Sumangguni.
Huling pagbabago:21 Disyembre Tingnan ang Takdang Gamit para sa mga detalye.Bathala - The main god of the Tagalog.
He is the Tagalogs' chief god, the creator of the universe and humanity. Lakambakod - The ancient Tagalog god of gardens who protect and watchover plants and sometimes the crops. The Bicolanos also have Aswang, the god of evil. Haliya is the Bicolano goddess of the moon and protector of women. The Visayan supreme deity is Kan-Laon or Lalahon. He lives in Mt. The ancient Visayan sky god is Kaptan, who he is often shown as the sibling of Maguayen, the god of the sea.IDIANALE - Sketching a Tagalog Deities in Philippine Mythology
So, what i could probable do is nearly initiate thinking with regard to the final section you have an interest in. Is Wicca for you, or possibly you're extra Kemetic?
I additionally discover scholarly works on Pagan religious historic previous to be triumphant. I need it. Most complete list gets 10 points. I need it As Soon As Possible. Update: You can also just give websites, thanks! Answer Save. Elder H Lv 5. Luzon gods Bathala - The main god of the Tagalog. Apolake - Tagalog protector of the sun and lord of war.
Anitun Tabu - the Tagalog goddess of the wind and rain. Lakampati - The ancient Tagalog's deity of cultivated fields, a hermaphrodite. Mayari - The ancient Tagalog goddess and protector of the moon. Hanan is her sibling.
Tala - the goddess of stars in Tagalog mythology. Her origins are varied depending on region. Other gods The Bicolanos also have Aswang, the god of evil. Don't know - but my wife is from the Philippines so I will ask her.
How do you think about the answers? You can sign in to vote the answer. Benita I Lv 4. Still have questions?It does not claim to be a comprehensive list—that being said, as far as my research can determine, this is the most comprehensive list of Philippine gods and goddesses on the Internet, with individual entries. Of course, given that the Ifugao alone seem to have had deities in the hundreds, that means there is still a lot of room for expansion.
More info can be found at our About section at the top of the page. Other entities, like the Bakunawa, made it to the list because they were singular creatures powerful enough to contend with gods.
A Abal — Ilongot — He and his brother Cain are the creators and guardian lords of all things. In the beginning, Cain and Abal lived together in the sky; but they had a quarrel and separated, as Abal wanted to live on earth where he could herd his animals. Abal was the one who created the lowlanders, who have the use of his carabaos and other animals. Abba is the Visayan name for Bathala of the Tagalogs.
An Ultimate Guide To Philippine Mythology’s Legendary Deities
Outline of Philippine Mythology; F. Benguet Culture Agew — Kankana-ey — Sun deity. One of the seven secondary gods. Agtayabun — Bukidnon — His name means advisor or peace maker. In the Bukindon creation myth, he was the one who held both Diwat na Magbabaya and Dadanhayan ha Sugay aloft, cooling their heads by continually flapping his wings.
Zialcita, Roberto B. Akasi — Zambales — God of Health and Sickness. Almost as powerful as Malayari. This, it is said, is the spirit of Alipugpug. Wikipedia Amanikable — Tagalog — God of the Sea. Has sworn vengeance against mankind because he was spurned by a human woman, Maganda. The Soul Book Amansinaya — Tagalog — anito of fishermen to whom they offer the first catch.Aman Sinaya - god of the sea, fishing, and seafaring. Amanikable - god of the hunt, the protector of huntsmen. Anitun Tabu - goddess of the wind and the rain, generally fickle-minded.
Apolake - god of the sun, lord of war, son of Bathala, patron of warriors. Bathala - king of the gods, ruler of the heavens, creator of humanity, father of Apolake, Mayari, and Tala. Dian Masalanta - goddess of love, pregnancy, childbirth, became known as "Maria Makiling" post-Spanish arrival, protector of lovers.
Hanan - god of the morning. Hayo - god of the sea and the ocean. Hukloban - goddess of death, "huklob" means "enchantment", normally in the appearance of a crone or hag, one of Sitan's helper.
Idianale - goddess of good deeds and hard work, might also be the goddess of death most claim her identity to Huklobanalso said to be goddess of agriculture and animal husbandry. Lakambuwi - god of gluttony, food, and eating. Lakapati - deity of fertility and cultivated fields, protector of crops and farm animals, also known as "Ikapati" or "Lakanpati," thought to be Bathala's queen consort.
Linga - god of disease, although unlike Manggagaway, he cures them. Malyari - god of strength and bravery, his pride and selfishness resulted in punishment: he was trapped between two mountains crushing him.
Manggagaway - goddess of disease, poses as a healer and inflicts terror by inducing maladies instead, one of Sitan's helper. Mangkukulam - god of fire not to be confused by the sunname means "witch". Manisalat - god of broken families, usually causes discord between husband and wife.
Mayari - one-eyed, beautiful goddess and ruler of the moon, daughter of Bathala. Sitan - god of the afterlife, guardian of the realm of the spirits, has four follower gods. Tala - goddess of the stars, daughter of Bathala, usually the "morning and evening star". Alunsina - virgin goddess of the eastern skies.The deities of Philippine mythology are the gods and goddesses natively called anito in the north and diwata in the central and south worshiped by Filipinos before the Christianization of the natives.
These deities form part of anitismcommonly referred in the West as Philippine mythology, which was the dominant religion in the archipelago for more than a millennium prior to colonization. These deities and their stories have similar elements and characteristics when compared to other mythologies, especially in Asia and Oceania.
The deities anitos and diwatas in Anitism vary among the many indigenous ethnic groups of the Philippines. Each ethnic group has their own distinct pantheon of deities. Some deities of ethnic groups have similar names or associations, but remain distinct from each other as the ethnic groups's culture are distinct and unique on their own.
The usage of the term " diwata " is mostly found in the central and southern Philippines while the usage of " anito " is found in the northern Philippines. There is also a 'buffer zone' area where both terms are used interchangeably.
The etymology of diwata may have been derived from the Sanskrit word, devatameaning "deity", while anito' s etymology may have been derived from the proto-Malayo-Polynesian word qanitu and the proto-Austronesian qanicuboth meaning "ancestral spirits". Each of the supreme deities per ethnic people is completely distinct, even if some of their names are the same or almost the same.
Aside from the supreme deities per ethnic pantheon, there are also other deities who are ruled by the supreme deity of certain ethnic groups. All deities of various ethnic groups in the Philippines must be treated as existing and prevalentas they are still believed by many societies, the same way Christians believe in a supreme god they refer as 'God' and the same way Muslims believe in god they refer as 'Allah'.
Below are some of the deities per ethnic group:. This section includes Ancient Tagalog deities from a certain pantheon story. The ancient Tagalog people used to cover the following: present-day Calabarzon region except the Polilo Islands, northern Quezon, Alabat island, the Bondoc Peninsula, and easternmost Quezon; Marinduque ; Bulacan except for its eastern part; and southwest Nueva Ecijaas much of Nueva Ecija used to be a vast rainforest where numerous nomadic ethnic groups stayed and left.
When the Kingdom of Tondo expanded its domain, swallowing the Bicol region except Masbate and Catanduanes, the entire Central Luzon region, Nueva ViscayaLa Unionand Benguetthe Tagalogs remained in their core zones and did not impose a migration policy.
This was continued by the Americans when they defeated Spain in a war. There have been attempts to restore the Tagalog indigenous religion as the religion for the Tagalog people. The territories where the ancient Tagalog pantheon was worshipped were the areas that were under Tagalog-majority influence prior to the biggest expansion of the Kingdom of Tondo.
During that time, Hinduism in the Philippines HistoryHindu influences in customs and traditions were present due to trade with other Asian independent or vassal states.
The first part as shown below are the residents of Kaluwalhatian the abode of the gods, roughly corresponding to the Christian idea of Heaven. The term, anitohas three meanings. The first is deity gods and goddesses including Bathala and the lower deities living and not living in Kaluwalhatian. The second is non-ancestral spirits, the beings sent by Bathala along with the deities to aid mankind in everyday life.